Uzbekistan located in the heart of Central Asia was the crossroads of caravan roads, connecting Europe with Asia, it was the center of commercial relations and the meeting place of oriental and western cultures and civilizations.
The area: 448 900 sq. km. The length of the territory from east to west is 1425 km, from north to south is 930 km. The highest point from the level of sea is a peak Khazrat Sultan 4643,3 m, (Hissar mountain range).
The population: over 31 million people.
Population density: 59, 4 on one sq. km. 37 % is urban, 63 % is rural population. Average life expectancy: 73, 3
Population structure: Uzbeks 80 %, Russian 5, 5 %, Tadjiks 5 %, Kazakhs 5 %, Karakalpaks 2 %, Tatars 1, 5 %.
Administrative division: 12 regions and1 autonomous republic of Karakalpakstan
Capital of Uzbekistan: Tashkent city
Language: the Uzbek language is a state language, Russian language is also used by major part of population
Religion: Islam - 88 %, Christianity - 9 %, 3 % - other confessions
Climate is hot, dry and sharp continental.
The main rivers: Syrdarya 2137 km northern part and Amudarya 1437 km southern part. There is also Zarafshan river “Gold-bearing” 877 km.
Time: across Greenwich + 5 hours
The Internet a zone: .uz
The international telephone code of Uzbekistan: +998
National currency: Sum
The flag of the Republic of Uzbekistan consists of blue, white and green stripes, separated by two narrow red stripes. A crescent and three rows of twelve stars are situated on the left side of the upper blue stripe.
The blue color symbolizes the sky and water as the principle sources of life. The National flag of Amir Timur was also blue in color. The white stripe is the traditional symbol of peace and of moral and spiritual purity. The green stripe symbolizes nature, the new epoch and abundance in the countries where the majority of the population is Islamic. Besides that, this is in harmony with the modern movement of Greenpeace, which protects nature. The red separating stripes symbolize the current of vital energy in any living body and also connect our pure and noble thoughts with the sky and the earth. The crescent of the new moon, along with its traditional historical symbolism, is at the same time a symbol of the birth of republic's independence. The symbolism of twelve stars is connected historically with the solar calendar year, which begins from Navruz and embodies the twelve regions of the state.
The state emblem of the Republic of Uzbekistan actually absorbed the centuries-old experiences of the Uzbek people. It reflects a blossoming valley and a shining sun. The right side of the valley is set off with wheat and the left side with a cotton plant garland. The octagonal star, symbolizing the unity of the Republic, crowns the state emblem. The holy Muslim symbols of the crescent and the star are placed inside the octagonal star. In the center of the emblem there is the holy bird, Humo, with its spread wings symbolizing nobility and happiness. Behind this bird there two main rivers Syrdarya and Amudarya.