Turkmenistan is a country of deserts and oases. It was a cradle of ancient civilization like Merv (Marghiyana) and an important trade center of Great Silk Road.
The area: 488, 1 thousand square km.. The length of the territory from east to west is 1100 km, from north to south is 650 km. The highest point from the level of sea is a peak Ayribaba 3139 m.
The population: over 5, 24 million people.
Population density: The density is 10 people to one sq.km. 48 % is an urban population, 52 % is rural. Average life expectancy: 74
Population structure: Turkmens 85 %, Russian 4 %, Uzbeks 5 %.
Administrative division: 5 regions and 1 city
Capital of Uzbekistan: Ashgabat city with population of 900 000 people
Language: the Turkmen language is a state language;
Religion: Islam - 85 %, Christianity - 10 %, 5 % - other confessions
Climate: sharp continental and dry.
The main rivers: Amudarya, Murghab, Tedjen.
Time: across Greenwich + 5 hours
The Internet a zone:.tm
The international telephone code of Tajikistan: +993
National currency: Manat